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No information posted on this website is intended to constitute legal advice or to form an attorney-client relationship.


This website is a public resource of general information which is intended, but not promised or guaranteed, to be correct, complete and reasonably up-to-date. However, we cannot guarantee the accuracy of posted information, especially as it relates to individual situations. This website should not be used as a substitute for an attorney consultation because of (a) the complexity and changing nature of the law and, (b) the necessity to apply laws to each individual’s unique circumstances. There is no assurance that all queries will get a response. Neither the receipt nor the distribution of materials, including the use of electronic mail, fax or telephone communications, shall constitute the formation of an attorney-client relationship. An actual attorney-client relationship will be formed with an attorney only upon the execution and delivery of an attorney employment agreement in to our office in Austin, Texas, USA, and the satisfaction of the conditions contained therein. Any attorney employment agreement that may result from communication initiated through this website, shall be made only upon acceptance by an attorney at our office in Austin, Texas, and shall be subject only to the laws of the State of Texas. Communication through the Internet shall not constitute “presence,” “doing business” or the practice of law in any place other than the State of Texas. No reader outside Texas should consider this information to be an invitation for an attorney-client relationship. The lawyer providing the information in this website is licensed to practice law in Texas (USA).


The information provided herein is not intended to create any unjustified expectation about results that the lawyer providing the information can achieve, or to make any comparison between this lawyer’s services or qualifications and those of any other lawyer. No Internet domain name or caption on any page within this Website, or listed in any directory or search engine, is intended to constitute practice of law under a trade name. Links are provided for your enjoyment and no endorsement should be inferred therefrom. The owner does not intend links on the Website to be referrals or endorsements of the linked entities. No one shall be entitled to claim detrimental reliance on any views, opinions, links, forms, or models provided or expressed herein, or upon any publication purchased by link from this site to any other website, or to claim that there is a duty to update information provided in this website, or answers or materials provided, or to use care to protect the interests of the recipient. You should not rely on any statements found here (or those in any other website) for legal advice, and should always confirm such information with your lawyers, who should be responsible for taking whatever steps are necessary to check all information and personally assuring that the advice they provide is based on accurate and complete information and research from any available sources. No representation is made that the quality of the legal services to be performed is greater than the quality of legal services performed by other lawyers. Memberships and offices in legal organizations, professional licenses, and memberships in professional associations, or field of practice do not mean that a lawyer is a specialist or expert in a field of law, nor do they mean that such a lawyer is necessarily any more expert or competent than any other lawyer. All potential clients are urged to make their own independent investigation and evaluation of any lawyer being considered. The listing of any area of practice does not indicate any certification or expertise therein. A description or indication of limitation of practice does not mean that any agency or board has certified such lawyer as a specialist or expert in an indicated field of law practice, nor does it mean that such lawyer is necessarily any more expert or competent than any other lawyer. All potential clients are urged to make their own independent investigation and evaluation of any lawyer being considered.


While we will seek to protect the confidentiality of communications we receive by e-mail, there is no such thing as perfect security. The dominant view today is that the expectation of privacy in unencrypted e-mail as comparable to the expectation of privacy in mail and telephone communication. However, it is possible that a court in some jurisdiction could hold, contrary to the current trend, that the use of unencrypted e-mail constitutes a waiver of confidentiality. Moreover, there is no such thing as perfect security in any means of communication. It is possible for e-mail messages to go astray and fall into the wrong hands or be intercepted. Therefore, each person should take responsibility for exercising prudence and discretion regarding the use of e-mail for sensitive communications. Because of these and other risks and the lack of an attorney-client relationship as described above, viewers of this website are warned and urged not to disclose any sensitive or confidential information via e-mail or any other communication.

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